Vitamin is very essential for our body as it helps us in our growth and overall development. It is mainly an organic compound that needs to sustain our life. The main source of vitamin is our food and different types of Vitamin are present in different types of food items. If there is any deficiency of Vitamins in our body then it may lead to many problems. As a human body can’t able to produce sufficient Vitamin, so we have to take a sufficient amount of Vitamins as per needs of our body.
There are 13 different types of Vitamins and each vitamin has different roles in our body. Vitamins are classified into two types namely Water soluble and Fat Soluble. 13 different types of vitamins are A, C, B, D, E, and K. Among these 13 types of Vitamins A, D, E, K are fat soluble vitamins and 8 types of Vitamin B and Vitamin C are water soluble. Among these Vitamins that our body needs, Vitamin K and D are the two types that our body can produce.
Different Types of Vitamin- Sources and Deficiency Symptoms
Vitamin A: This vitamin is very important for human vision, cell and normal reproductive function
Sources: Cod liver oil, broccoli, carrots, egg, apricot
Deficiency Symptom: eye disorder, dry cornea and night blindness.
Vitamin B1: This vitamin helps to convert carbohydrates to energy which is essential for nerve and heart.
Sources: Pork, sunflower seeds, potatoes, oranges, egg.
Deficiency Symptom: Beriberi
Vitamin B2: It helps in the production of RBC( Red Blood Cells ) on our blood and also helps in body growth.
Sources: Banana, meat, egg, fish, yogurt, milk.
Deficiency Symptom: Airboflavinosis.
Vitamin B3: It takes care of our skin tone, nerves and most important it controls body cholesterol level.
Sources: Chicken, beef, tomatoes, avocados, vegetables, carrots, mushroom.
Deficiency Symptom: Diarrhea, pellagra.
Vitamin B5: It helps in synthesizing cholesterol and also helps in converting fats to energy.
Sources: whole grains, fish ovaries, jelly.
Deficiency Symptom: Paresthesia.
Vitamin B6: Body protein synthesis along with brain functionalities and RBC formation are the main functionalities of Vitamin B6.
Sources: Meats, banana, whole grains and vegetables.
Deficiency Symptom: Anemia, damage in the brain and spinal cord.
Vitamin B7: For body metabolism of proteins and carbohydrate, this vitamin is very necessary. It also helps in the production of hormone and necessary cholesterol.
Sources: Yolk, Liver, egg.
Deficiency Symptom: Inflammation, dermatitis.
Vitamin B12: B12 is a crucial one as it maintains nerve cell regulation and DNA replication.
Sources: Poultry meat, eggs, fish, soy products.
Deficiency Symptom: Megaloblastic anemia, immature of RBC.
Vitamin C: It is a natural antioxidant that takes care of our skin and helps in healing our wounds.
Sources: Lemon, Fruits.
Deficiency Symptom: Also may cause Megaloblastic anemia.
Vitamin D: For healthy bones and teeth, calcium is very necessary which you can have from Vitamin D.
Deficiency Symptom: Rickets, bone thinning.
Vitamin E: Free radicals are very harmful as they can damage our cells. Vitamin E fights with those free radicals and suppresses their power.
Sources: Kiwi, egg, milk, nuts.
Deficiency Symptom: May cause hemolytic anemia.
Vitamin K: The body produces Vitamin K that helps in blood clot.
Sources: Green leafy vegetables, Avocado, Kiwi.
Deficiency Symptom: Bleeding Diathesis.
The right way to get all vitamins in sufficient quantity is only can possible with a healthy diet. A proper diet with green vegetables and fruits is the best way to remain fit and to remain far away from any types of disease caused by deficiency of vitamins.