Minerals are basically inorganic nutrient materials. They are found in the foods we consume and are essential for our health and growth. Minerals don’t contain carbon elements. It is advised to intake mineralsthrough a normal and healthy food habit. Minerals can be consumed fromadditional supplement for special cases.

Type of Minerals

Our body needs minerals. Minerals are primarily classified into two groups; the major minerals are called macrominerals and the race minerals are called microminerals.

Both of the minerals are equally essential for our body nutrition. However, trace minerals are comparatively required in lesser amount than the major minerals.


Major minerals which are also known as macrominerals are as follows –

  • Sodium
  • Chloride
  • Potassium
  • Calcium
  • Phosphorus
  • Magnesium
  • Sulfur

Trace Minerals:

Trace minerals that are also known as microminerals are as gollows-

  • Iron
  • Zinc
  • Iodine
  • Selenium
  • Copper
  • Manganese
  • Fluoride
  • Chromium
  • Molybdenum

Apart from these major and trace minerals, some other mineral that are essential for our body in tiny amounts are silicon, nickel, cobalt, and vanadium.

Side Effects & Precautions

If minerals are taken with adequate amount and a balanced diet, there are no chances of side effects. However, if you are already following a healthy diet and also consumes mineral supplements additionally, it may trigger inadequate minerals level.

Thus, day to day mineral consumption should be monitored to prevent excess of mineral level and side effects.

To bring some examples of possible side effects with inadequate mineral intake; too much of calcium may cause kidney problems and constipation. Excess of zinc can lead to heart and kidney issues, vomiting, and diarrheal. Too much of iron can lead to digestive track and stomach problems, risk of diabetes, liver problems, and also in sexual problems for males.


The best advice anyone should follow is to keep a proper balanced diet for preventing both the mineral excess and deficiency at best. Many children fail to follow a balanced diet; hence they may need to intake additional supplement, but under a professional’s suggestion.

Adolescents who are engaged in fitness programs or some kind of sports may feel to add some more level in their nutrients, however taking the required amount of minerals in an account.     

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