Fat is one of the major nutrient components that our body needs. Our body requires some amount of fat yet no too much of it. Fat is responsible for providing energy to our body. It also helps our body to absorb vitamins. Dietary fats are also responsible for maintaining body cholesterol level.
In a nutshell, Fats are the vital aspect of diet. However, only a few types of fats are healthy for our body. Fats from vegetables are considered to be more healthy compared to fats found in animal products.
Vegetable fats can also reduce the risk of stroke, heart attack, and some major health issues.
What are Fats?
Fats are one of the major types of nutrients we get from our diet. Fat is essential for our body to function properly, although too much fat can harm in many ways.
Fat is the source of energy that we utilize to make our body properly work. During exercises or any other hard physical work, our body needs calories to burn and that calorie comes from the carbohydrates we consume in the diet. And after 20 minutes of workouts, our body starts burning calories that come from fat that let our body to keep exercising ongoing.
Fat also beneficial in keeping our skin and hair healthy. Various vitamins like A, D, E, and K are known as fat-soluble vitamins and are absorbed by fat. And, body fats are responsible for filling up fat cells and insulating our body so that our body remains warm to maintain body temperature.
Fat comes with twice a time more than the number of calories found in protein and carbohydrate. 9 calories are found per gram fat while protein and carbs have only 4 calories.
Types of Fat
Fats are made with two types of fatty acids, they are called saturated and unsaturated. They are classified depending on what amount of which fatty acid type is found in them.
Saturated Fats: Saturated fats are responsible for raising LDL cholesterol level in our body. This can cause stroke, heart attack, and some other health issues. Avoiding this type of fat consumption is always recommended.
Animal products like cheese, butter, whole milk, fatty meats, ice creams are the major source of saturated fats.
Unsaturated Fats: Unsaturated fats are just opposite of saturated fats. It helps in decreasing LDL cholesterol level in our body. Most of the vegetable oils in the liquid state within a room temperature are considered unsaturated fats. In low temperature, the fats turn into the semi-solid state.
Unsaturated fats are also found in two types, mono-unsaturated and polyunsaturated. Canola oil and olive oil are examples of mono-unsaturated fats. On the other hand, soy oil, sunflower, safflower, and corn are the perfect examples of polyunsaturated fats.